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A. Physical Characteristics: Adult bedbugs are typically reddish-brown, oval-shaped insects about the size of an apple seed, but they can vary in color and size depending on their stage of development and recent blood meals. They have flat bodies, which allow them to hide in cracks and crevices.

B. Feeding Habits: Bedbugs are obligate blood-feeders, meaning they require blood to survive and reproduce. They feed on their hosts by piercing the skin with specialized mouthparts and withdrawing blood. Bedbug bites often result in itchy, red welts.

C. Nocturnal Behavior: Bedbugs are primarily nocturnal and are most active during
the night. They are attracted to the carbon dioxide and body heat emitted by
sleeping humans, which helps them locate their hosts.

D. Hiding Places: During the day, bedbugs hide in various places, including
mattress seams, cracks in walls and furniture, electrical outlets, and luggage.
They are excellent at hiding, making them challenging to detect.

E. Reproduction: Bedbugs reproduce by laying eggs, which hatch into nymphs.
Nymphs go through several molts before reaching adulthood. The entire life
cycle from egg to adult can take several weeks, depending on temperature and
feeding opportunities.

F. Health Concerns: While bedbugs are not known to transmit diseases directly,
their bites can cause allergic reactions, skin infections, and psychological distress
due to the associated itching and anxiety.

G. Spread: Bedbugs are known to spread through infested furniture, clothing,
luggage, and other belongings. They can also move between apartments and
rooms within a building, which makes controlling infestations in multi-unit
housing challenging.

H. Prevention and Control: Preventing and controlling bedbug infestations involves
a combination of measures, including regular cleaning and vacuuming, sealing
cracks and crevices, laundering infested clothing and bedding, using mattress
encasements, and, in severe cases, the use of pesticides applied by professionals.

I. Resurgence: Bedbugs were largely eradicated in many parts of the world in the
mid-20th century due to the use of potent pesticides like DDT. However, they
have made a resurgence in recent decades, likely due to increased travel, changes
in pest control methods, and pesticide resistance.

J. Professional Help: Severe bedbug infestations often require the expertise of pest
control professionals. They may use a combination of chemical treatments, heat
treatments, and other methods to eliminate the infestation.

Dealing with bedbug infestations can be challenging, and early detection and
intervention are crucial in preventing the problem from spreading. Regular inspection
and prompt action can help mitigate the impact of bedbugs on your home and

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